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Showing posts with label Cambridge Assessments. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Cambridge Assessments. Show all posts

Monday, July 16, 2018

What Do You Need to Know About Cliffhangers


Ways to create the effect of a cliffhanger:

Using character dialogue
Using unanswered questions
Descriptive scene / creating an atmosphere
Cliffhangers act as bait to lead the readers from one part of the text to another with more interest than before. Whether they happen between chapters, books, episodes, series of films or movies. To end a story with a cliffhanger is difficult.

Do
Don’t
-       Leave the reader questioning about ONE specific thing
-       Make the reader desire more 
-       leave with unknown information that is needed to understand the story
-       leave the reader with discontent

A cliffhanging ending doesn’t have to be something HUGE! As long as it keeps the reader guessing and asking themselves questions you have done your job as a writer.

A Cliffhanger Can:

Involve SOMEONE:
a)    Someone takes an action
b)   Someone reacts to something
c)    Someone arrives
d)   Someone leaves

Involve SOMETHING:
a)    Something happens, on its own timeline or in response to something that a character did
b)   Something fails to happen
c)    Something changes
d)   Something fails to change

Include a new piece of information:
a)    The character learns something
b)   The character notices something
c)    The character figures something out
d)   The character decides something
e)    Character remembers something OR loses memory
f)     The character feels something

Remember:
Most important thing NOT to do if you are writing a story ending with a cliffhanger is to make sure that the reader does not feel cheated out of a proper ending.
A cliffhanger is a surprise or story twist that leaves the reader wanting more NOT confused. 

100 Beautiful and Ugly Words that are Useful in Writing



Beautiful Words:

 Amorphous: indefinite, shapeless
Beguile: deceive
Caprice: impulse
Cascade: steep waterfall
Cashmere: fine, delicate wool
Chrysalis: protective covering
Cinnamon: an aromatic spice; its soft brown color
Coalesce: unite, or fuse
Crepuscular: dim, or twilit
Crystalline: clear, or sparkling
Desultory: half-hearted, meandering
Diaphanous: gauzy
Dulcet: sweet
Ebullient: enthusiastic
Effervescent: bubbly
Elision: omission
Enchanted: charmed
Encompass: surround
Enrapture: delighted
Ephemeral: fleeting
Epiphany: revelation
Epitome: embodiment of the ideal
Ethereal: celestial, unworldly, immaterial
Etiquette: proper conduct
Evanescent: fleeting
Evocative: suggestive
Exuberant: abundant, unrestrained, outsize
Felicity: happiness, pleasantness
Filament: thread, strand
Halcyon: care-free
Idyllic: contentedly pleasing
Incorporeal: without form
Incandescent: glowing, radiant, brilliant, zealous
Ineffable: indescribable, unspeakable
Inexorable: relentless
Insouciance: nonchalance
Iridescent: luster
Languid: slow, listless
Lassitude: fatigue
Lilt: cheerful or buoyant song or movement
Lithe: flexible, graceful
Lullaby: soothing song
Luminescence: dim chemical or organic light
Mellifluous: smooth, sweet
Mist: cloudy moisture, or similar literal or virtual obstacle
Murmur: soothing sound
Myriad: great number
Nebulous: indistinct
Opulent: ostentatious
Penumbra: shade, shroud, fringe
Plethora: abundance
Quiescent: peaceful
Quintessential: most purely representative or typical
Radiant: glowing
Redolent: aromatic, evocative
Resonant: echoing, evocative
Resplendent: shining
Rhapsodic: intensely emotional
Sapphire: rich, deep bluish purple
Scintilla: trace
Serendipitous: chance
Serene: peaceful
Somnolent: drowsy, sleep inducing
Sonorous: loud, impressive, imposing
Spherical: ball-like, globular
Sublime: exalted, transcendent
Succulent: juicy, tasty, rich
Suffuse: flushed, full
Susurration: whispering
Symphony: harmonious assemblage
Talisman: charm, magical device
Tessellated: checkered in pattern
Tranquility: peacefulness
Vestige: trace
Zenith: highest point


Ugly Words
 Cacophony: confused noise
Cataclysm: flood, catastrophe, upheaval
Chafe: irritate, abrade
Coarse: common, crude, rough, harsh
Cynical: distrustful, self-interested
Decrepit: worn-out, run-down
Disgust: aversion, distaste
Grimace: expression of disgust or pain
Grotesque: distorted, bizarre
Harangue: rant
Hirsute: hairy
Hoarse: harsh, grating
Leech: parasite,
Maladroit: clumsy
Mediocre: ordinary, of low quality
Obstreperous: noisy, unruly
Rancid: offensive, smelly
Repugnant: distasteful
Repulsive: disgusting
Shriek: sharp, screeching sound
Shrill: high-pitched sound
Shun: avoid, ostracize
Slaughter: butcher, carnage
Unctuous: smug, ingratiating
Visceral: crude, anatomically graphic

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